FOOT & ANKLE
ABOUT FOOT AND ANKLE SURGERY
Indications: Foot and ankle surgery is commonly performed to address various conditions, including:
- Bunion Surgery (Hallux Valgus Correction): Surgical correction of bunions involves realigning the big toe joint, typically through osteotomy (cutting and repositioning bones) or arthrodesis (fusion of the joint).
- Ankle Arthroscopy: This minimally invasive procedure uses an arthroscope to diagnose and treat conditions like ankle impingement, loose bodies, and cartilage damage.
- Achilles Tendon Repair: Surgical repair may be required for ruptured or degenerated Achilles tendons.
- Ankle Ligament Reconstruction: To address chronic ankle instability or severe sprains, surgeons may reconstruct damaged ligaments using various techniques.
- Plantar Fascia Release: Surgery can relieve pain from conditions like plantar fasciitis by releasing tension on the plantar fascia.
- Ankle Fusion (Arthrodesis): Used for end-stage ankle arthritis, this procedure involves fusing the ankle bones to eliminate motion and reduce pain.
Preoperative Evaluation: Patients undergo a thorough evaluation, including a physical examination, review of medical history, and imaging studies (X-rays, MRI, CT scans) to assess the condition and plan the surgery.
Anesthesia: Foot and ankle surgery may be performed under general anesthesia, regional anesthesia (such as nerve blocks), or local anesthesia, depending on the specific procedure and patient preferences.
- Incision: An incision is made at the surgical site, which varies in size and location based on the procedure.
- Tissue Manipulation: Surgeons address the specific condition by manipulating tissues, which may involve realignment, repair, removal, or fusion.
- Implantation: In some cases, implants such as screws, plates, or rods may be used to stabilize bones or enhance healing.
- Closure: After completing the necessary surgical steps, the incision is carefully closed with sutures or staples.
Recovery and Rehabilitation:
- Post-surgery, patients are closely monitored in the recovery area.
- Physiotherapy and rehabilitation are typically recommended to promote healing, restore strength, and optimize mobility.
- The duration of recovery varies depending on the procedure and the patient’s overall health.
- Pain relief and improved function in the foot and ankle.
- Enhanced mobility and quality of life.
- Resolution of chronic conditions and injuries.
Through a comprehensive approach that spans from diagnosis to postoperative rehabilitation, foot and ankle surgery strives to enhance patients’ overall health, mobility, and quality of life.